The location of the cemetery at the Delta of Phaleron and its archaeological significance were known since the early 1900s and the discovery of “The Bound Men of Phaleron” by Pelekides. A century later, the construction of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center (SNFCC) including new facilities for the National Library of Greece, the Greek National Opera, and the 210,000 m2 Stavros Niarchos Park, brought to light thousands of burials from the extensive Phaleron cemetery. In order for the SNFCC to be completed, large-scale excavations took place between 2012 and 2016 by the Ephorate of Piraeus and Islands (Greek Ministry of Culture) under the direction of Dr. Stella Chryssoulaki.
In 2015, an international collaborative project was established for the contextualized bioarchaeological analysis and interpretation of the Phaleron cemetery and a specialized team of bioarchaeologists, forensic anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians were assembled for this purpose. The Phaleron Bioarchaeological Project is taking place at the Malcolm H. Wiener Laboratory for Archaeological Sciences of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens in collaboration with Arizona State University, and the Ephorate of Piraeus and Islands (www.ascsa.edu.gr/index.php/wiener-laboratory/active-research/)